Practices and Procedures

A safe work practice is a set of guidelines to follow to carry out tasks safely. Safe work practices are general, as the task does not need to be performed exactly the same way every time.

A safe work procedure is a step-by-step guide for safely performing a task from beginning to end. Safe work procedures are sometimes called standard operating procedures, safe job procedures, safe work instructions, etc.

A safe work practice may be used to support a safe work procedure.

Safe work practices and procedures (SWPs) are one of the hazard controls used in a workplace to prevent injuries and illnesses. SWPs are often developed as part of a job hazard analysis or following an incident investigation. Documented SWPs provide a standard that can be used to train workers and ensure consistency.

An employer should:

  • Consider risk when determining when to develop and review SWPs
  • Involve workers who perform the job when developing and reviewing SWPs
  • Consult the Occupational Health Committee, especially when required under legislation, when developing and reviewing SWPs
  • Develop written SWPs to address identified hazards and potential emergencies
  • Train workers in the relevant SWPs and have them readily available to workers
  • Ensure everyone follows SWPs
  • Review SWPs:
    • when changes are made that would affect an SWP
    • when an SWP is found to be inadequate
    • at reasonable intervals (at least every 3 years)

Tips for documenting SWPs:

  • Use short clear sentences
  • Use active words (example: lift, remove, open)
  • Use consistent, easy-to-use language and format
  • Ensure SWPs meet or exceed all applicable legislation and manufacturers’ standards
  • Include the hazards and risk
  • Include references to any applicable documents, such as existing policies, procedures, practices, legislation, standards or forms
  • Include tools and equipment required for the task
  • Include the safety controls required to eliminate or minimize risk, such as:
    • engineering controls
    • personal protective equipment (PPE)
    • training
    • permits
  • Consider using photographs, diagrams and videos
  • Have someone not involved in developing the SWP review it, preferably as a practical test run, before finalizing to make sure it is accurate, clear and understandable
  • Include the date the SWP was approved and reviewed/revised
  • For a safe work procedure, ensure the steps are in the correct order and numbered

The following legislation is not all inclusive. You are responsible for knowing and complying with all legislation applicable to your place of employment. Please refer to the original legislation to find out exactly what requirements apply to your business. WorkSafe Saskatchewan does not offer any advice as to your obligations under any applicable legislation, and assumes no responsibility or liability for your obligations under the applicable legislation.

You can download copies of legislation for free from http://www.publications.gov.sk.ca/legislation.cfm.

Saskatchewan Employment Act

Part III

Occupational Health and Safety

DIVISION 3

Duties

3‑20. (1) An employer at a prescribed place of employment shall establish and maintain an occupational health and safety program or a prescribed part of an occupational health and safety program in accordance with the regulations made pursuant to this Part.

(2) An occupational health and safety program at a prescribed place of employment must be established and designed in consultation with:

(a) the occupational health committee;

(b) the occupational health and safety representative; or

(c) the workers, if there is no occupational health committee and no occupational health and safety representative.

(3) An occupational health and safety program must include all prescribed documents, information and matters.

(4) An occupational health and safety program at a prescribed place of employment must be in writing and must be made available, on request, to the occupational health committee, the occupational health and safety representative, the workers or an occupational health officer.

(5) If the work at a place of employment is carried on pursuant to contracts between a contractor and two or more employers, the contractor shall coordinate the occupational health and safety programs of all employers at the place of employment.

(6) The director of occupational health and safety may order an employer to develop an occupational health and safety program for a place of employment if the director considers it to be in the interests of the health, safety and welfare of the employer’s workers based on the criteria set out in subsection (8).

(7) An order issued pursuant to subsection (6) must be in writing.

(8) In making an order pursuant to subsection (6), the director of occupational health and safety shall consider the following criteria:

(a) the frequency of occupationally related injuries and illnesses at the place of employment;

(b) the number and nature of the notices of contravention relating to the place of employment and the history of compliance with those orders and with compliance undertakings;

(c) any additional criteria that the director considers appropriate to protect the health, safety and welfare of workers.

3‑21. (1) An employer operating at a prescribed place of employment where violent situations have occurred or may reasonably be expected to occur shall develop and implement a written policy statement and prevention plan to deal with potentially violent situations after consultation with:

(a) the occupational health committee;

(b) the occupational health and safety representative; or

(c) the workers, if there is no occupational health committee and no occupational health and safety representative.

(2) A policy statement and prevention plan required pursuant to subsection (1) must include any prescribed provisions.

Division 4 Occupational Health Committees and Occupational Health and Safety Representatives

OHS Regulations

PART III

General Duties

13. A worker shall:

(a) use the safeguards, safety appliances and personal protective equipment provided in accordance with these regulations and any other regulations made pursuant to the Act; and

(b) follow the safe work practices and procedures required by or developed pursuant to these regulations and any other regulations made pursuant to the Act.

15. An employer or contractor shall:

(a) make readily available for reference by workers a copy of:

(i) the Act;

(ii) any regulations made pursuant to the Act that apply to the place of employment or to any work done there; and

(iii) any standards adopted in the regulations that address work practices or procedures and that apply to the place of employment or to any work done there; and

(b) where the information mentioned in clause (a) or insection 9 of the Act will be posted, provide a suitable bulletin board to be used primarily to post information on health and safety related to the place of employment.

17. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) all work at a place of employment is sufficiently and competently supervised;

(b) supervisors have sufficient knowledge of all of the following with respect to matters that are within the scope of the supervisor's responsibility:

(i) the Act and any regulations made pursuant to the Act that apply to the place of employment;

(ii) any occupational health and safety program at the place of employment;

(iii) the safe handling, use, storage, production and disposal of chemical and biological substances;

(iv) the need for, and safe use of, personal protective equipment;

(v) emergency procedures required by these regulations;

(vi) any other matters that are necessary to ensure the health and safety of workers under their direction; and

(c) supervisors comply with the Act and any regulations made pursuant to the Act that apply to the place of employment and ensure that the workers under their direction comply with the Act and those regulations.

(2) A supervisor shall ensure that the workers under the supervisor's direction comply with the Act and any regulations made pursuant to the Act that apply to the place of employment.

19. (1) An employer shall ensure that a worker is trained in all matters that are necessary to protect the health and safety of the worker when the worker:

(a) begins work at a place of employment; or

(b) is moved from one work activity or worksite to another that differs with respect to hazards, facilities or procedures.

(2) The training required by subsection (1) must include:

(a) procedures to be taken in the event of a fire or other emergency;

(b) the location of first aid facilities;

(c) identification of prohibited or restricted areas;

(d) precautions to be taken for the protection of the worker from physical, chemical or biological hazards;

(e) any procedures, plans, policies and programs that the employer is required to develop pursuant to the Act or any regulations made pursuant to the Act that apply to the worker's work at the place of employment; and

(f) any other matters that are necessary to ensure the health and safety of the worker while the worker is at work.

(3) An employer shall ensure that the time spent by a worker in the training required by subsection (1) is credited to the worker as time at work, and that the worker does not lose pay or other benefits with respect to that time.

(4) An employer shall ensure that no worker is permitted to perform work unless the worker:

(a) has been trained, and has sufficient experience, to perform the work safely and in compliance with the Act and the regulations; or

(b) is under close and competent supervision.

35. (1) In this section, "to work alone" means to work at a worksite as the only worker of the employer or contractor at that worksite, in circumstances where assistance is not readily available to the worker in the event of injury, ill health or emergency.

(2) Where a worker is required to work alone or at an isolated place of employment, an employer or contractor, in consultation with the committee, the representative or, where there is no committee or representative, the workers, shall identify the risks arising from the conditions and circumstances of the worker's work or the isolation of the place of employment.

(3) An employer or contractor shall take all reasonably practicable steps to eliminate or reduce the risks identified pursuant to subsection (2).

(4) The steps to be taken to eliminate or reduce the risks pursuant to subsection (3):

(a) must include the establishment of an effective communication system that consists of:

(i) radio communication;

(ii) phone or cellular phone communication; or

(iii) any other means that provides effective communication in view of the risks involved; and

(b) may include any of the following:

(i) regular contact by the employer or contractor with the worker working alone or at an isolated place of employment;

(ii) limitations on, or prohibitions of, specified activities;

(iii) establishment of minimum training or experience, or other standards of competency;

(iv) provision of personal protective equipment;

(v) establishment of safe work practices or procedures;

(vi) provision of emergency supplies for use in travelling under conditions of extreme cold or other inclement weather conditions.

37. (1) In this section, "violence" means the attempted, threatened or actual conduct of a person that causes or is likely to cause injury, and includes any threatening statement or behaviour that gives a worker reasonable cause to believe that the worker is at risk of injury.

(2) On and after January 1, 1997, places of employment that provide the following services or activities are prescribed for the purposes ofsubsection 14(1) of the Act :

(a) services provided by health care facilities mentioned in subclauses 468(b)(i) to (v) and (xii);

(b) pharmaceutical-dispensing services;

(c) education services;

(d) police services;

(e) corrections services;

(f) other law enforcement services;

(g) security services;

(h) crisis counselling and intervention services;

(i) late night retail premises as defined in section 37.1;

(j) financial services;

(k) the sale of alcoholic beverages or the provision of premises for the consumption of alcoholic beverages;

(l) taxi services;

(m) transit services.

(3) A policy statement required bysubsection 14(1) of the Act must be in writing and must include:

(a) the employer's commitment to minimize or eliminate the risk;

(b) the identification of the worksite or worksites where violent situations have occurred or may reasonably be expected to occur;

(c) the identification of any staff positions at the place of employment that have been, or may reasonably be expected to be, exposed to violent situations;

(d) the procedure to be followed by the employer to inform workers of the nature and extent of risk from violence, including, except where the disclosure is prohibited by law, any information in the employer's possession related to the risk of violence from persons who have a history of violent behaviour and whom workers are likely to encounter in the course of their work;

(e) the actions the employer will take to minimize or eliminate the risk, including the use of personal protective equipment, administrative arrangements and engineering controls;

(f) the procedure to be followed by a worker who has been exposed to a violent incident to report the incident to the employer;

(g) the procedure the employer will follow to document and investigate a violent incident reported pursuant to clause (f);

(h) a recommendation that any worker who has been exposed to a violent incident consult the worker's physician for treatment or referral for post-incident counselling; and

(i) the employer's commitment to provide a training program for workers that includes:

(i) the means to recognize potentially violent situations;

(ii) procedures, work practices, administrative arrangements and engineering controls that have been developed to minimize or eliminate the risk to workers;

(iii) the appropriate responses of workers to incidents of violence, including how to obtain assistance; and

(iv) procedures for reporting violent incidents.

(4) Where a worker receives treatment or counselling mentioned in clause (3)(h) or attends a training program mentioned in clause (3)(i), an employer shall credit the worker's attendance as time at work and ensure that the worker loses no pay or other benefits.

(5) An employer shall make readily available for reference by workers a copy of the policy statement required bysubsection 14(1) of the Act .

(6) An employer shall ensure that the policy statement required by subsection 14(1) of the Act is reviewed and, where necessary, revised every three years and whenever there is a change of circumstances that may affect the health or safety of workers.

[Sask. Reg. 75/2012, s. 3]

37.1 (1) In this section, "late night retail premises" means a place of employment that is open to the public between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. for the purposes of making retail sales to consumers.

(2) In addition to the requirements imposed by sections 35 and 37, an employer of workers at a late night retail premises shall conduct a workplace hazard assessment in accordance with an approved industry standard.

(3) The employer shall conduct the workplace hazard assessment required by subsection (2):

(a) in the case of an employer who operates a late night retail premises on the day on which this section comes into force, as soon as is reasonably practicable after the day on which this section comes into force;

(b) in the case of an employer who operates a place of employment that becomes a late night retail premises after the day on which this section comes into force, as soon as is reasonably practicable after the day on which the place of employment became a late night retail premises.

(4) An employer shall ensure that the workplace hazard assessment required by subsection (2) is reviewed and, if necessary, revised every three years and whenever there is a change of circumstances that may affect the health or safety of workers.

(5) In addition to the requirements of sections 35 and 37, an employer of workers at a late night retail premises shall implement the following security measures:

(a) the development of written safe cash handling procedures that minimize the amount of money that is readily accessible to the worker in the establishment;

(b) the use of video cameras that capture key areas in the workplace, including the cash desk and the outdoor gas pumps, if applicable;

(c) the establishment of measures to ensure good visibility into and out of the premises; and

(d) the placement of signs to indicate:

(i) the worker’s limited accessibility to cash and valuables; and

(ii) the use of video cameras on the premises.

(6) An employer of workers at a late night retail premises that has one worker working alone between the hours of 11:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m. shall, in addition to the requirements set out in section 35 and subsection (5):

(a) implement a check-in system and a written check-in procedure for that worker; and

(b) provide a personal emergency transmitter to be worn by the worker that signals for emergency response when activated.

[Sask. Reg. 75/2012, s. 4]

PART V

First Aid

52. Subject to section 53, an employer, contractor or owner shall:

(a) provide the personnel, supplies, equipment, facilities and transportation required by this Part to render prompt and appropriate first aid to workers at every worksite;

(b) in consultation with the committee, the representative or, where there is no committee or representative, the workers, review the provisions of this Part;

(c) if the provisions of this Part are not adequate to meet any specific hazard at a place of employment, provide additional suitable personnel, supplies, equipment and facilities that are appropriate for the hazard; and

(d) ensure that, where a worker may be entrapped or incapacitated in a situation that may be dangerous to any person involved in the rescue operation:

(i) an effective written procedure for the rescue of that worker is developed; and

(ii) suitable personnel and rescue equipment are provided.

53. (1) Where more than one employer has workers at the same place of employment:

(a) the employers and any contractor or owner may agree in writing to provide collectively the personnel, supplies, equipment, facilities and transportation for injured workers required by this Part; or

(b) the director may, by notice in writing, require all employers, contractors and owners to provide collectively the personnel, supplies, equipment, facilities and transportation for injured workers required by this Part.

(2) Where subsection (1) applies, the total number of workers of all employers at the place of employment is deemed to be the number of workers at the place of employment.

56. (1) An employer or contractor shall provide and maintain for every worksite a readily accessible first aid station that contains:

(a) a first aid box containing the supplies and equipment set out in Table 10 of the Appendix;

(b) a suitable first aid manual; and

(c) any other supplies and equipment required by these regulations.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the location of a first aid station is clearly and conspicuously identified; and

(b) at a first aid station, an appropriate emergency procedure is prominently displayed that includes:

(i) an emergency telephone list or other instructions for reaching the nearest fire, police, ambulance, physician, hospital or other appropriate service; and

(ii) any written rescue procedure required by subclause 52(d)(i).

[Sask. Reg. 6/97, s. 4]

PART VI

General Health Requirements

78. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure, where reasonably practicable, that suitable equipment is provided and used for the handling of heavy or awkward loads.

(2) Where the use of equipment is not reasonably practicable, an employer or contractor shall take all practicable means to adapt heavy or awkward loads to facilitate lifting, holding or transporting by workers or to otherwise minimize the manual handling required.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker engages in the manual lifting, holding or transporting of a load that, by reason of its weight, size or shape, or by any combination of these or by reason of the frequency, speed or manner in which the load is lifted, held or transported, is likely to be injurious to the worker's health or safety.

(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a worker who is to engage in the lifting, holding or transporting of loads receives appropriate training in safe methods of lifting, holding or carrying of loads.

81. (1) In this section, "musculoskeletal injury" means an injury or disorder of the muscles, tendons, ligaments, nerves, joints, bones or supporting vasculature that may be caused or aggravated by any of the following:

(a) repetitive motions;

(b) forceful exertions;

(c) vibration;

(d) mechanical compression;

(e) sustained or awkward postures;

(f) limitations on motion or action;

(g) other ergonomic stressors.

(2) An employer or contractor, in consultation with the committee, shall regularly review the activities at the place of employment that may cause or aggravate musculoskeletal injuries.

(3) Where a risk of musculoskeletal injury is identified, an employer or contractor shall:

(a) inform each worker who may be at risk of developing musculoskeletal injury of that risk and of the signs and common symptoms of any musculoskeletal injury associated with that worker's work; and

(b) provide effective protection for each worker who may be at risk, which may include any of the following:

(i) providing equipment that is designed, constructed, positioned and maintained to reduce the harmful effects of an activity;

(ii) implementing appropriate work practices and procedures to reduce the harmful effects of an activity;

(iii) implementing work schedules that incorporate rest and recovery periods, changes in workload or other arrangements for alternating work to reduce the harmful effects of an activity.

(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that workers who may be at risk of developing musculoskeletal injury are instructed in the safe performance of the worker's work, including the use of appropriate work practices and procedures, equipment and personal protective equipment.

(5) Where a worker has symptoms of musculoskeletal injury, an employer or contractor shall:

(a) advise the worker to consult a physician or a health care professional who is registered or licensed pursuant to an Act to practise any of the healing arts; and

(b) promptly review the activities of that worker and of other workers doing similar tasks to identify any cause of the symptoms and to take corrective measures to avoid further injuries.

84. (1) Subject to The Radiation Health and Safety Act, 1985 and The Radiation Health and Safety Regulations, where a radioactive substance or a device containing a radioactive substance is handled, used, stored or disposed of, an employer:

(a) in consultation with the committee, the representative or, where there is no committee or representative, the workers, shall develop safe work practices and procedures to handle, use, store and dispose of radioactive substances or devices containing radioactive substances; and

(b) on request, shall make available to the committee, the representative or the workers any licence issued to the employer pursuant to the Atomic Energy Control Act (Canada).

(2) An employer shall ensure that the safe work practices and procedures developed pursuant to clause (1)(a) are implemented.

85. (1) In this section:

(a) "engineering controls" means physical controls or barriers that isolate or remove an infectious disease hazard and includes:

(i) medical devices approved by Health Canada that have engineered sharps injury protections;

(ii) sharps disposal containers;

(iii) needleless systems and needles with engineered sharps injury protections as defined in section 474.1; and

(iv) other devices that isolate or remove sharps hazards;

(b) "expose" means harmful contact with an infectious material or organism from inhalation, ingestion, skin or mucous membrane contact or percutaneous injury;

(c) "exposure control plan" means an exposure control plan required pursuant to subsection (2);

(d) "infectious material or organism" means an infectious material or organism that has been identified in an approved manner as an infectious disease hazard that poses a significantly increased exposure risk to a worker or self-employed person.

(2) If workers are required to handle, use or produce an infectious material or organism or are likely to be exposed at a place of employment, an employer, in consultation with the committee, shall develop and implement an exposure control plan to eliminate or minimize worker exposure.

(3) An exposure control plan must:

(a) be in writing;

(b) identify any workers at the place of employment who may be exposed;

(c) identify categories of tasks and procedures that may put workers at risk of exposure;

(d) describe the ways in which an infectious material or organism can enter the body of a worker and the risks associated with that entry;

(e) describe the signs and symptoms of any disease that may arise for a worker exposed at the place of employment;

(f) describe infection control measures to be used, such as the following:

(i) vaccination;

(ii) engineering controls;

(iii) personal protective equipment;

(iv) safe work practices and procedures; and

(v) standard practices that incorporate universal precautions;

(g) identify the limitations of the infection control measures described pursuant to clause (f);

(h) set out procedures to be followed in each of the following circumstances:

(i) if there has been a spill or leak of an infectious material or organism;

(ii) if a worker has been exposed;

(iii) if a worker believes that he or she has been exposed;

(i) set out the methods of cleaning, disinfecting or disposing of clothing, personal protective equipment or other equipment contaminated with an infectious material or organism that must be followed and indicate who is responsible for carrying out those activities;

(j) describe the training to be provided to workers who may be exposed and the means by which this training will be provided;

(k) require the investigation and documentation, in a manner that protects the confidentiality of the exposed worker, of any work-related exposure incident, including the route of exposure and the circumstances in which the exposure occurred; and

(l) require the investigation of any occurrence of an occupationally transmitted infection or infectious disease to identify the route of exposure and implement measures to prevent further infection.

(4) If subsection 85(2) applies to an employer on the day on which this section comes into force or at any time before January 1, 2006, that employer must, no later than January 1, 2006, describe in his or her exposure control plan the steps that will be taken by July 1, 2006 to ensure compliance with this section and, if applicable, subsection 474.1(3).

(5) No employer shall allow a worker to undertake any tasks or procedures mentioned in clause (3)(c) unless the worker has been trained with respect to the exposure control plan and the use of control measures appropriate for the task or procedure undertaken.

(6) An employer, in consultation with the committee, shall review the adequacy of the exposure control plan, and amend the plan if necessary, at least every two years or as necessary to reflect advances in infection control measures, including engineering controls.

(7) An employer shall make a copy of the exposure control plan and any amendments to that plan readily available to every worker who may be exposed. (8) An employer shall:

(a) inform workers who are required to handle, use or produce an infectious material or organism or who may be exposed at a place of employment:

(i) of any vaccine recommended for workers with respect to that risk in the Canadian Immunization Guide, published by Health Canada, and recommended by:

(A) a medical health officer appointed pursuant to The Public Health Act or a designated public health officer within the meaning of The Public Health Act, 1994 whose powers and responsibilities include those set out in Part IV of The Public Health Act, 1994; or

(B) a physician with expertise in immunization or the control of communicable diseases; and

(ii) of the risks associated with taking a vaccine mentioned in subclause (i);

(b) with the worker's consent, arrange for the worker to receive any vaccination recommended pursuant to subclause (a)(i) during the worker's normal working hours and reimburse the worker for any costs associated with receiving the vaccination; and

(c) if a worker cannot receive a vaccination mentioned in subclause (a)(i) during the worker's normal working hours, credit the worker's attendance for the vaccination as time at work and ensure that the worker does not lose any pay or other benefits.

(9) If a worker has been exposed to blood or potentially infectious bodily fluids at a place of employment, an employer shall, with the consent of the worker, during the worker's normal working hours, arrange for immediate medical evaluation and intervention by a qualified person in an approved manner and for confidential post-exposure counselling.

(10) If a worker cannot receive medical evaluation, medical intervention or post-exposure counselling during the worker's normal working hours, an employer shall credit the worker's attendance for evaluation, intervention or counselling as time at work and shall ensure that the worker does not lose any pay or other benefits.

(11) Nothing in these regulations prohibits an employer or contractor from purchasing supplies in bulk together with another employer or contractor but each employer or contractor is responsible for ensuring his or her compliance with these regulations.

[Sask. Reg. 6/97, s. 5; 112/2005, s. 4]

PART VII

Personal Protective Equipment

86. (1) Where it is not reasonably practicable to protect the health and safety of workers by design of the plant and work processes, suitable work practices or administrative controls, an employer or contractor shall ensure that every worker wears or uses suitable and adequate personal protective equipment.

(2) Where personal protective equipment will not effectively protect a worker, an employer or contractor shall, where reasonably practicable, provide alternative work arrangements for that worker.

87. (1) Where an employer or contractor is required by these regulations or any other regulations made pursuant to the Act to provide personal protective equipment, the employer or contractor shall:

(a) supply approved personal protective equipment to the workers at no cost to the workers;

(b) ensure that the personal protective equipment is used by the workers;

(c) ensure that the personal protective equipment is at the worksite before work begins;

(d) ensure that the personal protective equipment is stored in a clean, secure location that is readily accessible to workers;

(e) ensure that each worker is aware of the location of the personal protective equipment and trained in its use;

(f) inform the workers of the reasons why the personal protective equipment is required to be used and of the limitations of its protection; and

(g) ensure that personal protective equipment provided to a worker:

(i) is suitable and adequate and a proper fit for that worker;

(ii) is maintained and kept in a sanitary condition; and

(iii) is removed from use or service when damaged.

(2) Where an employer or contractor requires a worker to clean and maintain personal protective equipment, the employer shall ensure that the worker has adequate time during normal working hours without loss of pay or other benefits for this purpose.

(3) Where reasonably practicable, an employer or contractor shall make appropriate adjustments to the work procedures and the rate of work to eliminate or reduce the danger or discomfort to the worker that may arise from the worker's use of personal protective equipment.

(4) A worker who is provided with personal protective equipment by an employer or contractor shall:

(a) use the personal protective equipment; and

(b) take reasonable steps to prevent damage to the personal protective equipment.

(5) Where personal protective equipment provided to a worker becomes defective or otherwise fails to provide the protection it was intended for, the worker shall:

(a) return the personal protective equipment to the employer or contractor; and

(b) inform the employer or contractor of the defect or other reason why the personal protective equipment does not provide the protection that it was intended to provide.

(6) An employer or contractor shall immediately repair or replace any personal protective equipment returned to the employer or contractor pursuant to clause (5)(a).

PART IX

Safeguards, Storage, Warning Signs and Signals

116.1 (1) An employer or contractor shall develop a written fall protection plan where:

(a) a worker may fall three metres or more; and

(b) workers are not protected by a guardrail or similar barrier.

(2) The fall protection plan required by subsection (1) must describe:

(a) the fall hazards at the worksite;

(b) the fall protection system to be used at the worksite;

(c) the procedures used to assemble, maintain, inspect, use and disassemble the fall protection system; and

(d) the rescue procedures to be used if a worker falls, is suspended by a personal fall arrest system or safety net and needs to be rescued.

(3) The employer or contractor shall ensure that a copy of the fall protection plan is readily available before work begins at a worksite where a risk of falling exists.

(4) The employer or contractor shall ensure that a worker is trained in the fall protection plan and the safe use of the fall protection system before allowing the worker to work in an area where a fall protection system must be used.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 11]

124. (1) An employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that any opening or hole in a floor, roof or other work surface into which a worker could step or fall is:

(a) covered with a securely installed covering that is capable of supporting a load of 360 kilograms per square metre and that is provided with a warning sign or permanent marking clearly indicating the nature of the hazard; or

(b) provided with a guardrail and a toeboard.

(2) Where the covering or guardrail and toeboard mentioned in subsection (1) or any part of the guardrail or toeboard is removed for any reason, an employer, contractor or owner shall immediately provide an effective alternative means of protection.

PART X

Machine Safety

139. (1) Subject to section 140, before a worker undertakes the maintenance, repair, test or adjustment of a machine other than a power tool, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the machine is locked out and remains locked out during that activity if not doing so would put the worker at risk.

(2) Before a worker undertakes the maintenance, repair, test or adjustment of a power tool, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the energy source has been isolated from the power tool, any residual energy in the power tool has been dissipated and the energy source remains isolated during that activity.

(3) An employer or contractor shall:

(a) provide a written lock-out process to each worker who is required to work on a machine to which subsection (1) applies; and

(b) where the lockout process uses a lock and key, issue to that worker a lock that is operable only by that worker's key and a duplicate key.

(4) Where the lockout process does not use a lock and key, an employer or contractor shall designate a person to co-ordinate and control the lockout process.

(5) Where the lockout process uses a lock and key, an employer or contractor shall designate a person to keep the duplicate key mentioned in clause (3)(b) and ensure that:

(a) the duplicate key is accessible only to the designated person; and

(b) a log book is kept to record the use of the duplicate key and the reasons for that use.

(6) Where it is not practicable to use a worker's key to remove a lock, an employer or contractor may permit the person designated pursuant to subsection (5) to remove the lock if the designated person:

(a) has determined the reason that the worker's key is not available;

(b) has determined that it is safe to remove the lock and activate the machine; and

(c) if a committee or representative is in place, has informed the co-chairpersons or the representative of the proposed use of the duplicate key before it is used.

(7) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a designated person who is permitted to use a duplicate key pursuant to subsection (6):

(a) records in the log book the use of the duplicate key, the reason for its use and the date of its use; and

(b) signs the log book each time that the duplicate key is used.

(8) Where a central automated system controls more than one machine, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the machine to be maintained, repaired, tested or adjusted is isolated from the central system before the lock-out procedures required by subsection (3) are implemented.

(9) Before undertaking any maintenance, repairs, tests or adjustments to a machine to which subsection (1) applies, a worker shall lock out the machine following the process mentioned in clause (3)(a).

(10) After a lock-out device has been installed or a lockout process has been initiated, the worker who installed the first lock or initiated the process shall check the machine to ensure that the machine is inoperative.

(11) No person shall deactivate a lockout process that does not use a lock and key except the person designated pursuant to subsection (4).

(12) No person shall remove a lock-out device except the worker who installed the lock-out device or the designated person acting in accordance with subsection (6).

140. (1) This section applies where any of the following requires cleaning, lubrication or adjustment while all or any part of a machine or other piece of equipment is in motion or under power:

(a) the machine or other piece of equipment;

(b) a part of the machine or of the piece of other equipment; or

(c) any material on the machine or on the piece of equipment.

(2) In the circumstances mentioned in subsection (1), an employer or contractor shall:

(a) develop and implement written work practices and procedures that ensure that the cleaning, lubrication or adjustment is carried out in a safe manner;

(b) ensure that workers who are required to perform the cleaning, lubrication or adjustment are trained in the written work practices and procedures mentioned in clause (a); and

(c) ensure that a copy of the written work practices and procedures mentioned in clause (a) is readily available for reference by workers.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 14]

143. (1) In this section, "explosive-actuated fastening tool" means a machine that propels or discharges, by means of an explosive force, a fastening device to attach the fastening device on, affix the fastening device to or cause the fastening device to penetrate another object or material.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a worker who operates explosive-actuated fastening tool systems is trained in and uses safe work procedures for any explosive-actuated fastening tool that the worker may operate, including:

(a) the selection of the appropriate tool, accessories, fastener and power load for each application;

(b) the limitations of each type of tool, fastener and power load; and

(c) the maintenance, inspection and use of the tool.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a worker who operates an explosive-actuated fastening tool:

(a) does not leave the tool or explosive charges unattended;

(b) stores the tool and explosive charges in a locked container when not in use; and

(c) uses an industrial eye or face protector that meets the requirements of Part VII.

PART XII

Scaffolds, Aerial Devices, Elevating Work Platforms and Temporary Supporting Structures

186. (1) An employer or contractor shall:

(a) develop work practices and procedures for the safe use of any suspended powered scaffold;

(b) train the workers in the procedures required pursuant to clause (a); and

(c) ensure that every worker complies with the procedures required pursuant to clause (a).

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a suspended powered scaffold is operated by a competent worker.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that all parts of a suspended powered scaffold are inspected prior to use and daily when in use.

(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a worker who works on a suspended powered scaffold is provided with and uses a full-body harness, connecting linkage, personal fall arrest system and lifeline that meet the requirements of Part VII.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 18]

187. (1) Before starting to work on a suspended powered scaffold, a worker shall inspect the scaffold to ensure that:

(a) the thrustouts or parapet hooks are secured; and

(b) the suspension ropes and lifelines are free from abrasion or other damage.

(2) While working on a suspended powered scaffold, a worker shall:

(a) remain on the platform between the suspension ropes at all times;

(b) secure from fouling all ropes from the scaffold that extend to the ground or a landing;

(c) use a full-body harness, connecting linkage, personal fall arrest system and lifeline that meet the requirements of Part VII.

(d) ensure that, when the scaffold is being moved up or down on a suspension rope, the scaffold is kept level.

(3) A worker shall not:

(a) bridge the distance between a suspended powered scaffold and any other scaffold with planks or by any other means; or

(b) use the lifeline or the suspension ropes as a means of access to or exit from the scaffold except in cases of emergency.

(4) A worker shall comply with the work practices and procedures developed pursuant to clause 186(1)(a).

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 19]

189. (1) Where a shingler's roofing scaffold is used, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the scaffold is designed, constructed, installed and maintained to support the loads that may be applied to the scaffold;

(b) the scaffold is provided with effective non-slipping devices; and

(c) the scaffold platform is at least 38 by 140 millimetres.

(2) The employer or contractor shall develop and implement work practices and procedures for the safe use of any shingler's roof scaffold.

195. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a temporary supporting structure is designed and constructed to withstand safely all loads that the structure is intended, or may reasonably be anticipated, to support.

(2) Without limiting the generality of subsection (1), an employer or contractor shall meet the requirements of subsection (3) where a temporary supporting structure consists of:

(a) shoring that is more than 3.6 metres high; or

(b) members that are connected to one another so that a load applied to any member of the structure may alter the stresses induced in the other members.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) a temporary supporting structure mentioned in subsection (2):

(i) is designed by a professional engineer;

(ii) is inspected by a professional engineer after assembly and before use; and

(iii) is certified by a professional engineer to be safe; and

(b) all the drawings and other instructions necessary to construct and use the temporary supporting structure safely are kept at the worksite.

(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a scaffold constructed as an integral part of a temporary supporting structure is designed and certified to be safe by a professional engineer.

196. (1) In addition to the requirements of section 195, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) all drawings and written procedures that are necessary to safely assemble, fly, use, dismantle or re-use a flyform deck panel are kept at the worksite for reference by workers;

(b) the workers are instructed in and comply with the procedures mentioned in clause (a);

(c) a flyform deck panel is securely attached to the permanent structure or to an adjacent panel; and

(d) the attachments mentioned in clause (c) are completed and made secure before the flyform deck panel is detached from the hoist used to position the panel.

(2) The drawings and procedures mentioned in clause (1)(a) must include:

(a) the plan view, the longitudinal section and the cross- section of the panel;

(b) the calculated position of the centre of gravity of the panel;

(c) the step-by-step procedures for all phases of assembly, flying, use, dismantling, repair and re-use of the panel;

(d) procedures for ensuring stability, if the panel is inherently unstable;

(e) procedures for application of the panel on a non-typical floor; and

(f) any other instructions that are necessary to ensure the safety of workers.

198. (1) Where structural members of a skeleton structure or concrete sections of a structure are to be erected, an employer or contractor shall ensure that the design includes safe procedures for erecting the members or sections.

(2) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the design and safe procedures for erecting the members or sections required by subsection (1) are certified as safe by a professional engineer; and

(b) all the necessary drawings and instructions to erect the structure safely are kept at the worksite.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the workers are instructed in and follow the safe procedures required by subsection (1).

(4) Where the procedures mentioned in subsection (1) have to be modified, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the modified procedures are certified by a professional engineer; and

(b) the drawings showing the modified procedures are available at the worksite.

(5) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a competent supervisor is present on the worksite while the erection of a skeleton structure is in progress until the structure has been permanently stabilized.

PART XIII

Hoists, Cranes and Lifting Devices

205. (1) Subject to subsection (2), an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) a copy of the manufacturer's operating manual for a hoist or crane is readily accessible to the operator; and

(b) an operator of a hoist or crane is thoroughly trained in and implements the manufacturer's recommended operating procedures.

(2) Where the manufacturer's manual for a hoist or crane cannot be obtained, an employer or contractor shall develop an operating manual for the hoist or crane and ensure that:

(a) a copy of the operating manual is readily accessible to the operator; and

(b) an operator of the hoist or crane is thoroughly trained in and implements the operating procedures set out in the operating manual.

207. (1) Where a crane or hoist will be used to raise or lower workers, the employer or contractor shall:

(a) develop and implement work practices and procedures that will provide for the safe raising and lowering of the workers;

(b) train the workers in those work practices and procedures;

(c) ensure that the hoisting equipment and personnel lifting unit are inspected by a competent person before use and daily when in use; and

(d) ensure that the competent person records the details of the inspection in the log book.

(2) An employer or contractor shall not require or permit the operator of a crane or hoist to use the crane or hoist to raise or lower workers unless:

(a) the personnel lifting unit meets the requirements of subsection 192(1);

(b) the suspension members of the personnel lifting unit are securely attached to the crane, hoist line or hook by a shackle, weldless link, ring or other secure rigging attachment;

(c) there is a secondary safety device that attaches the suspension members of the personnel lifting unit to the crane or hoist rigging above the point of attachment mentioned in clause (b);

(d) the load line hoist drum has a system or device on the power train, other than the load hoist brake, that regulates the lowering rate of speed of the hoist drum mechanism; and

(e) workers in the personnel lifting unit use a full-body harness attached to the personnel lifting unit.

(3) An operator of a crane or hoist shall not use the crane or hoist to raise or lower workers unless:

(a) the personnel lifting unit meets the requirements of section 192;

(b) the suspension members of the personnel lifting unit are securely attached to the crane, hoist line or hook by a shackle, weldless link, ring or other secure rigging attachment;

(c) there is a secondary safety device that attaches the suspension members of the personnel lifting unit to the crane or hoist rigging above the point of attachment mentioned in clause (b);

(d) the load line hoist drum has a system or device on the power train, other than the load hoist brake, that regulates the lowering rate of speed of the hoist drum mechanism; and

(e) workers in the personnel lifting unit use fall-arrest protection attached to the personnel lifting unit.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 22]

214. (1) Subject to subsection (4), an employer or contractor shall develop a written procedure for safely erecting and dismantling a hoist or crane.

(2) The written procedure required by subsection (1) must include the safe blocking of any mast, boom or jib and the number and qualifications of workers required to implement the procedure.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the erecting and dismantling of a hoist or crane is carried out in accordance with the written procedure required by subsection (1).

(4) An employer or contractor may use the manufacturer's instructions for erecting or dismantling a hoist or crane if the instructions contain the requirements set out in subsection (2).

PART XIV

Rigging

228. An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) all rigging is assembled, used, maintained and dismantled under the supervision of a competent worker and in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications and instructions; and

(b) any worker who is required or permitted to assemble, use, maintain or dismantle rigging is trained in safe rigging practices.

PART XV

Robotics

242. (1) An employer, in consultation with the committee, the representative or, where there is no committee or representative, the workers, shall:

(a) assess the potential hazards to a worker who is required or permitted to install, operate, teach or maintain a robot or robot system at the place of employment; and

(b) develop written safe work practices and procedures for the installation, operation, teaching and maintenance of robots and robot systems.

(2) An employer shall ensure that the workers are trained in and implement the safe work practices and procedures developed pursuant to clause (1)(b).

246. Before a worker undertakes the maintenance or repair of a robot or robot system, an employer shall ensure that:

(a) the robot or robot system is locked out and remains locked out during that activity; or

(b) an equally effective procedure is implemented to protect the worker.

PART XVIII

Confined Space Entry

270. (1) Before a worker is required or permitted to enter a confined space, an employer shall appoint a competent person:

(a) to assess the hazards;

(b) where a hazardous atmosphere has been identified, to test the atmosphere of the confined space for:

(i) oxygen enrichment or deficiency;

(ii) the presence of flammable or explosive substances; and

(iii) the presence and hazardous concentration of airborne chemical substances; and

(c) to determine whether:

(i) work activities or processes will result in the release of toxic, flammable or explosive concentrations of any substances during the worker's occupation of the confined space;

(ii) measures have been taken to ensure that a worker will not drown or become entrapped in any liquid or free-flowing solid present in the confined space;

(iii) the entry of any liquid, free-flowing solid or hazardous substance into the confined space in a quantity that could endanger the health or safety of the worker has been prevented;

(iv) all energy sources that present a hazard to a worker entering into, exiting from or occupying the confined space have been locked out, with the energy sources being put in a zero energy state;

(v) any hazards from biological substances are present in the confined space; and

(vi) the opening for entry into and exit from the confined space is sufficient to allow safe passage of a worker who is using personal protective equipment required by these regulations.

(2) When testing the atmosphere of a confined space pursuant to clause (1)(b), a competent person shall use appropriate and properly calibrated instruments that have been tested to ensure that the instruments are capable of operating safely and effectively.

(3) A competent person who carries out the activities described in clauses (1)(a) to (c) shall prepare a report in writing that sets out:

(a) the results of the assessment, tests and determinations;

(b) recommended special precautions and procedures to reduce the risk to a worker that are to be followed by a worker entering into, exiting from or occupying the confined space; and

(c) recommended personal protective equipment to be used by a worker entering the confined space.

271. Where a confined space is not identified as a hazardous confined space, an employer shall:

(a) notify a worker who is required to enter the confined space verifying that the confined space is not hazardous;

(b) arrange for a method of communication with a worker on entry to and exit from the confined space and at appropriate intervals while a worker is in the confined space;

(c) prepare a procedure for the removal of a worker who has become injured or incapacitated while in the confined space; and

(d) ensure that the ventilation in the confined space is adequate to maintain safe atmospheric conditions.

272. (1) Where a worker will be required or permitted to enter a hazardous confined space, an employer, in consultation with the committee, shall develop a hazardous confined space entry plan to ensure the health and safety of workers who enter or work in the hazardous confined space.

(2) A hazardous confined space entry plan must be in writing and must include:

(a) the tests or measurements necessary to monitor any oxygen deficiency or enrichment or the presence and hazardous concentration of flammable or explosive substances;

(b) the identification of any other hazards that may be present in the hazardous confined space and may put the health or safety of workers at risk;

(c) the means, if any, of isolating the hazardous confined space;

(d) the means, if any, of ventilating the hazardous confined space;

(e) the procedures to enter, work in and exit from the hazardous confined space safely;

(f) the availability, location and proper use of personal protective equipment;

(g) the rescue procedures to be followed, including the number and duties of personnel and the availability, location and proper use of equipment;

(h) the means to maintain effective communication with a worker who has entered the hazardous confined space; and

(i) the availability, location and proper use of any other equipment that a worker may need to work safely in the hazardous confined space.

(3) An employer shall ensure that the following workers are trained in and implement a hazardous confined space entry plan:

(a) a worker who is required or permitted to enter the hazardous confined space;

(b) a worker who attends a worker in the hazardous confined space pursuant to subsection 274(4) or (5);

(c) a worker who may be required or permitted to implement the rescue procedures mentioned in clause (2)(g).

(4) An employer shall make a copy of a hazardous confined space entry plan readily available at the entrance to the hazardous confined space.

PART XIX

Work in Compressed Air

278. (1) At least 30 days before beginning work in compressed air, an employer or contractor shall:

(a) give notice in writing to the division of the nature and location of the work; and

(b) provide the division with copies of the certificates of a professional engineer who is competent in construction work carried out in compressed air and a physician who is competent in hyperbaric medicine.

(2) The certificates required by subsection (1) must:

(a) certify that the design of the compressed air installation and its components, including any air lock, medical lock, bulkhead, door and working chamber, the air supply system, the control system and the emergency facilities, are suitable and adequate to provide a healthy and safe work environment; and

(b) contain a statement of conditions and procedures that are necessary to ensure the health and safety of workers employed in the compressed air installation.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that any work in a compressed air installation is performed in accordance with the conditions and procedures contained in the certificates required by subsection (1).

279. (1) Where workers are employed in a working chamber, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) emergency procedures, including decompression procedures, have been developed that are adequate to prevent worker ill health;

(b) the workers are fully trained in the emergency procedures required by clause (a);

(c) the workers are regularly monitored by a physician; and

(d) a competent supervisor is appointed and given the authority and resources necessary to protect the health and safety of workers in the working chamber.

(2) A worker who is monitored by a physician pursuant to clause (1)(c) shall comply with any requirement that the physician considers necessary to prevent or treat ill health caused by working in compressed air.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the emergency procedures required by clause (1)(a) are implemented in an emergency.

PART XX

Diving Operations

291. (1) Subject to subsection (2), where air is used as the breathing gas, an employer shall ensure that:

(a) the air is clean and wholesome and supplied in adequate quantity; and

(b) a reserve supply of 2.5 times the air required for the operation is supplied.

(2) An employer shall ensure that any air or mixed gas used as the breathing gas meets the approved standard for composition and purity requirements.

(3) Where a mixed gas is used as the breathing gas, an employer shall ensure that the decompression procedures, schedules and tables used are appropriate for the mixed gas.

295. (1) A diving supervisor shall submit a general diving plan in writing to the employer before beginning a diving operation.

(2) A diving supervisor shall:

(a) plan the dive to ensure the health and safety of the diver;

(b) instruct the surface crew on the procedures necessary to ensure the health and safety of the diver;

(c) ensure that all necessary equipment is available and is in good operating condition;

(d) ensure that the quantity of breathing gas supplied to a diver is sufficient for the dive that is planned;

(e) develop and implement a contingency plan for any emergency situation that may endanger the diver;

(f) keep a log showing each diver's activities on each day and make entries respecting each dive on the day on which the dive is performed;

(g) remain in the immediate area of the dive site at all times while a diving operation is in progress;

(h) ensure that each diver enters in the diver's personal log the information required by clause 297(2)(a) for each dive performed by the diver; and

(i) verify the accuracy of the information recorded in each diver's personal log pursuant to clause 297(2)(a) and sign the entry to acknowledge the supervisor's verification.

(3) Nothing in this section limits the responsibilities of an employer pursuant to this Part.

PART XXI

Chemical and Biological Substances

302. (1) An employer shall, at a place of employment:

(a) monitor the use or presence of, or a worker's exposure to, any chemical substance or any biological substance that may be hazardous or harmful to the health or safety of a worker;

(b) where reasonably practicable, substitute a less hazardous or harmful chemical substance or biological substance for a hazardous or harmful chemical substance or biological substance;

(c) subject to subsection 307(1), to the extent that is reasonably practicable, reduce any contamination of the place of employment by a chemical substance or biological substance; and

(d) develop and implement work procedures and processes that are as safe as is reasonably practicable for the handling, use, storage, production and disposal of chemical substances and biological substances.

(2) An employer shall take all practicable steps to prevent exposure of a worker, to an extent that is likely to be harmful to the worker, to:

(a) a chemical substance or biological substance that may be hazardous; or

(b) a chemical substance or biological substance in combination or association with any other substance present that may be hazardous.

(3) An employer shall:

(a) inform the workers of the nature and degree of the effects to their health or safety of any chemical substance or biological substance to which the workers are exposed in the course of their work; and

(b) provide the workers with adequate training with respect to:

(i) work procedures and processes developed pursuant to clause (1)(d); and

(ii) the proper use of any personal protective equipment required by these regulations.

(4) An employer shall make available to the committee, the representative or, where there is no committee or representative, the workers:

(a) the results of any measurements of worker exposure to, and contamination of a place of employment by, a chemical substance or biological substance; and

(b) any steps taken to reduce the contamination of a place of employment by, and eliminate or reduce exposure of the workers to, a chemical substance or biological substance.

307. (1) Subject to sections 306 and 308, where a chemical substance or biological substance listed in Table 21 of the Appendix is present at a place of employment, an employer shall:

(a) provide adequate engineering controls, to the extent that it is reasonably practicable to do so, to ensure that the contamination limit set out in Table 21 is not exceeded in any area where a worker is usually present.

(b) take all practicable steps to ensure that no worker's personal exposure exceeds the contamination limit set out in Table 21.

(2) An employer, in consultation with the committee, shall develop a written procedure that meets the requirements of subsection (3) where a chemical substance or biological substance listed in Table 21 of the Appendix is present at a place of employment in an airborne concentration that may be hazardous to a worker, and a worker:

(a) is regularly required or permitted to work more than eight hours in a day or 40 hours in a week; or

(b) may be exposed to a combination or association of substances listed in Table 21 of the Appendix that have similar toxicological effects when acting on the same organ or body system.

(3) A written procedure required by subsection (2) must identify:

(a) the substances to which a worker may be exposed;

(b) the conditions under which a worker will be required or permitted to work, including the frequency, quantity and duration of exposure to the substances; and

(c) the steps that the employer will take to ensure, to the extent that is practicable, that no worker's personal exposure exceeds the equivalent of the contamination limit set out in Table 21 of the Appendix.

(4) An employer shall implement a procedure developed pursuant to subsection (2).

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 24]

310. Where there is a possibility of an accumulation, spill or leak of a chemical substance or biological substance that may be hazardous to the health or safety of a worker at a place of employment, an employer:

(a) in consultation with the committee, shall develop written emergency procedures to be implemented in the event of an accumulation, spill or leak;

(b) shall make readily available for reference by workers a copy of the emergency procedures developed pursuant to clause (a);

(c) shall ensure that each worker is trained in and implements any of the emergency procedures developed pursuant to clause (a) that:

(i) require the involvement of the worker; or

(ii) are necessary to protect the health or safety of the worker;

(d) shall ensure that competent persons, equipment, supplies and personal protective equipment are available for the prompt, safe and effective containment, neutralizing and decontamination of any accumulation, spill or leak; and

(e) shall ensure that the emergency procedures developed pursuant to clause (a) are implemented in the event of an accumulation, spill or leak.

PART XXIII

Asbestos

337. (1) An employer or contractor shall:

(a) ensure that every asbestos process is carried out in a manner that prevents, to the extent that is practicable, the release into the air of asbestos dust;

(b) in consultation with the committee, develop an asbestos control plan that protects the health and safety of all workers in the event of the dispersal of asbestos dust into the atmosphere at a place of employment or worksite; and

(c) implement the asbestos control plan developed pursuant to clause (b).

(2) A plan developed pursuant to subsection (1) must be in writing and must include:

(a) the emergency procedures to be used in case of an uncontrolled release of asbestos, including:

(i) the means to protect exposed workers;

(ii) the methods to confine and control the release of asbestos; and

(iii) the decontamination procedures to be used;

(b) the asbestos processes that workers may undertake;

(c) the training of workers in any asbestos process the workers may be required or permitted to undertake;

(d) the methods to control the release of asbestos dust;

(e) the personal protective equipment that workers may be required to use;

(f) the decontamination procedures for:

(i) the worksite; and

(ii) the workers who undertake any asbestos process; and

(g) the inspection and maintenance schedule for all asbestos- containing materials.

(3) An employer or contractor shall make a copy of the plan developed pursuant to subsection (1) readily available for reference by workers.

(4) Where an asbestos process is undertaken, an employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that:

(a) the area is effectively isolated or otherwise enclosed to prevent the escape of asbestos dust to any other part of the place of employment;

(b) a warning notice is conspicuously displayed indicating that asbestos work is in progress;

(c) all asbestos-containing materials removed are placed in appropriate receptacles that are impervious to asbestos and that are clearly labelled "Asbestos"; and

(d) the receptacles mentioned in clause (c) are handled and transported in a manner that will protect them from physical damage.

PART XXV

Fire and Explosion Hazards

360. (1) An employer, contractor or owner shall:

(a) take all reasonably practicable steps to prevent the outbreak of fire at a place of employment and to provide effective means to protect workers from any fire that may occur; and

(b) develop and implement a written fire safety plan that provides for the safety of all workers in the event of a fire.

(2) A plan developed pursuant to subsection (1) must include:

(a) the emergency procedures to be used in case of fire, including:

(i) sounding the fire alarm;

(ii) notifying the fire department; and

(iii) evacuating endangered workers, with special provisions for workers with disabilities;

(b) the quantities, locations and storage methods of all flammable substances present at the place of employment;

(c) the designation of persons to carry out the fire safety plan and the duties of the designated persons;

(d) the training of designated persons and workers in their responsibilities for fire safety;

(e) the holding of fire drills; and

(f) the control of fire hazards.

(3) An employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that:

(a) designated persons and workers who have been assigned fire safety duties are adequately trained in, and implement, the fire safety plan;

(b) the fire safety plan is posted in a conspicuous place for reference by workers; and

(c) a fire drill is held at least once during each 12-month period.

363. (1) Where a flammable substance is or is intended to be handled, used, stored, produced or disposed of at a place of employment, an employer, contractor or owner shall develop written procedures to ensure the health and safety of workers who:

(a) handle, use, store, produce or dispose of a flammable substance that may spontaneously ignite or ignite when in combination with any other substance; or

(b) perform hot work where there is a risk of fire.

(2) An employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that all workers who are required or permitted to perform work mentioned in subsection (1) are trained in, and implement, the procedures developed pursuant to subsection (1).

(3) Workers who perform work mentioned in subsection (1) shall implement the procedures developed pursuant to subsection (1).

367. An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) suitable procedures are developed and implemented to prevent the ignition of flammable liquids or explosive dusts that are present at a worksite;

(b) all sources or potential sources of ignition are eliminated or controlled where an explosive atmosphere exists or is likely to exist; and

(c) static charge accumulations during transfer of flammable liquids or explosive substances from one container to another are prevented by electrically bonding the containers.

370. (1) Where a flammable substance is or may be present, an employer or contractor shall ensure that no hot work is performed until:

(a) suitable tests have been conducted that:

(i) indicate whether the atmosphere contains a flammable substance in a quantity sufficient to create an explosive atmosphere; and

(ii) confirm that the work may be safely performed; and

(b) the work procedures developed pursuant to clause 363(1)(b) have been implemented to ensure continuous safe performance of the work.

(2) While hot work is being performed, an employer or contractor shall conduct tests described in clause (1)(a) at intervals appropriate to the work being performed and record the results.

(3) An employer or contractor shall not require or permit any hot work to be performed in the vicinity of a material that may constitute a fire hazard until suitable steps have been taken to reduce the risk of fire.

(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a container or piping that contains or has contained a flammable substance is purged using an effective method to remove the flammable substance from the container or piping before any hot work is begun on that container or piping.

(5) An employer or contractor shall not require or permit any welding or cutting of metal that has been cleaned with a flammable or combustible liquid until the metal has thoroughly dried.

371. (1) An employer or contractor shall:

(a) develop and implement written procedures for the safe installation, use and maintenance of a system;

(b) make readily available for reference by workers the procedures developed pursuant to clause (a) before requiring or permitting the use of the system; and

(c) ensure that all workers are trained in and implement the procedures developed pursuant to clause (a).

(2) The workers shall implement the procedures developed pursuant to clause (1)(a).

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure:

(a) that a system:

(i) is not exposed to temperatures that may result in the failure of the system or explosion of the contents of the system;

(ii) is maintained in a clean state, free from oil, grease or other contaminant that may cause a failure of the system or that may burn or explode if the contaminant comes into contact with the contents of the system; and

(iii) is located, guarded and handled during filling, transportation, use and storage so that the system is protected from damage;

(b) that service valve outlets and the extensions of service valve outlets of containers that are not connected to any apparatus are capped; and

(c) where equipment is designed for use with a particular compressed or liquified gas or gases, that:

(i) only those gases are used in the equipment; and

(ii) the equipment is clearly labelled as being only for that use.

(4) A worker shall:

(a) take all reasonable steps to ensure that sparks, flames or other sources of ignition do not come into contact with a system;

(b) maintain a system in a clean state, free from oil, grease or any other contaminant; and

(c) secure the cap in place before transporting a container.

374. (1) Where workers are required or permitted to work on piping that may contain harmful substances or substances under pressure, an employer or contractor, in consultation with the committee, shall develop written procedures to protect the workers from contact with those substances.

(2) The procedures developed pursuant to subsection (1) must include:

(a) the installation of a blank that is appropriate for the proper pressure in the piping;

(b) the closing of two blocking valves installed in the piping and the opening of a bleed-off valve installed between the blocking valves;

(c) the installation of an approved safety device; or

(d) where the procedures mentioned in clauses (a), (b) and (c) are not reasonably practicable, any other procedures that are adequate to protect the health and safety of the workers.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that all workers are trained in and implement the procedures developed pursuant to subsection (1).

(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the piping mentioned in clause (2)(a) is clearly marked to indicate that a blank has been installed; or

(b) the two blocking valves mentioned in clause (2)(b) or the approved safety device mentioned in clause (2)(c):

(i) are locked in the closed position and the bleed-off valve is locked in the open position; and

(ii) are tagged to indicate that the valves must not be activated until the tags are removed by a worker designated by the employer for that purpose.

(5) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a worker designated pursuant to subclause (4)(b)(ii):

(a) monitors the valves to ensure that they are not activated while a worker is working on the piping; and

(b) records on the tag mentioned in subclause (4)(b)(ii) the date and time of each monitoring and signs the tag each time the worker monitors the valves.

(6) An employer or contractor shall ensure that any valve installed on piping mentioned in this section is clearly marked to indicate the open and closed positions.

PART XXVI

Explosives

377. (1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that appropriate written procedures are provided to a worker who conducts a blasting operation to ensure the safety of the worker and any other person in the vicinity of the blasting operation.

(2) A worker who undertakes a blasting activity shall follow the procedures provided by the employer or contractor pursuant to subsection (1).

PART XXVII

Demolition Work

382. Where the demolition of a structure may affect the stability of an adjoining structure, an employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that:

(a) the demolition is carried out in accordance with procedures certified in writing by a professional engineer to safeguard the stability of the adjoining structure; and

(b) a copy of the procedures required by clause (a) is kept at the worksite during demolition.

384. In a demolition, an employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that:

(a) dust from the demolition is controlled to the extent that is reasonably practicable;

(b) materials and debris are not allowed to accumulate in any area to the extent that the materials and debris cause overloading of a structure that could result in the collapse of all or part of the structure;

(c) any opening or hole in a floor, roof or other surface on which workers are required or permitted to walk or stand is guarded or covered as required by section 124;

(d) a free-standing scaffold is used in the demolition of a building shaft from the inside;

(e) steel structures are dismantled column length by column length and tier by tier from the top downward; and

(f) no wall or other part of the structure being demolished is left in an unstable condition or in danger of accidental collapse except during the actual demolition of that wall or part of the structure.

387. (1) Before powered mobile equipment is placed on a floor, roof or other surface on which workers are required or permitted to walk or stand for the purpose of demolishing a structure, an employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that the floor, roof or other surface is capable of supporting the load that may be placed on the floor, roof or other surface.

(2) Where powered mobile equipment is used for the purpose of demolishing a structure, an employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that safe work procedures are developed and implemented.

388. Where a structure is to be demolished by explosives, an employer, contractor or owner shall:

(a) ensure that a competent person develops a demolition procedure to protect the health and safety of workers;

(b) submit a copy of the demolition procedure to the division not less than 30 days before the proposed date of the demolition; and

(c) ensure that the worker who undertakes the blasting activity has the training, competence and knowledge described in clauses 376(1)(a) to (c).

PART XXIX

Oil and Gas

448. An employer, contractor or owner shall:

(a) prepare and implement written procedures to ensure the safety of workers in the lighting or operation of a flare tip, flare stack or flare line used at a worksite; and

(b) instruct all workers in the application of those procedures.

449. (1) An employer, contractor or owner shall develop and implement a written plan that establishes the procedures to be followed by workers who conduct well testing.

(2) A plan required by subsection (1) must include:

(a) the responsibilities, qualifications and minimum number of testing personnel;

(b) the requirements for personal protective equipment; and

(c) start-up and operating procedures that are adequate to protect the health and safety of the workers.

(3) An employer, contractor or owner shall have a copy of the plan required by subsection (1) readily available for reference by workers.

PART XXX

Additional Protection for Electrical Workers

464. Before any work, other than work to which subsection 465(4) applies, begins on an electrical conductor or electrical equipment and during the progress of that work, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the electrical conductor or electrical equipment is isolated, locked out and connected to ground; or

(b) other effective procedures are taken to ensure the safety of the workers.

465. (1) In this section:

(a) "applied science technologist" means an applied science technologist who is registered pursuant to The Saskatchewan Applied Science Technologists and Technicians Act and whose registration has not been suspended or cancelled;

(b) "certified technician" means a certified technician who is registered pursuant to The Saskatchewan Applied Science Technologists and Technicians Act and whose registration has not been suspended or cancelled;

(c) "qualified electrical worker" means:

(i) the holder of a journeyperson's certificate in the electrician trade issued pursuant to The Apprenticeship and Trade Certification Act, 1999, and includes an apprentice in the trade while under the supervision of a journeyperson;

(ii) the holder of a journeyperson's certificate in the power lineperson trade issued pursuant to The Apprenticeship and Trade Certification Act, 1999, and includes an apprentice in the trade while under the supervision of a journeyperson; or

(iii) for the purpose of design, calibrating of equipment, inspection, monitoring, testing, and commissioning of equipment in high voltage installations, electrical engineers, applied science technologists or certified technicians who have achieved professional certification within an electrical, electronics, industrial or instrumentation discipline;

(d) "utility tree trimmer" means a person who has successfully completed a course that has been approved for the purposes of this section.

(1.1) An employer or contractor shall ensure that a qualified electrical worker has had approved training in high voltage safety.

(1.2) No qualified electrical worker shall undertake high voltage electrical work unless the worker:

(a) has written proof of approved training in high voltage electrical safety; and

(b) has that written proof of approved training readily accessible at all times while working near energized high voltage electrical conductors.

(2) Except as otherwise provided in this section, an employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker works, no material is piled, stored or handled, no scaffold is erected or dismantled and no equipment or powered mobile equipment is used or operated within the minimum distance from any exposed energized electrical conductor set out in column 1 of Table 22 of the Appendix.

(2.1) Subsection (2) does not apply to a worker who is undertaking a specific one-time activity under the direct supervision of a qualified electrical worker.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no worker who is at ground potential approaches an exposed energized electrical conductor closer than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22 of the Appendix.

(4) An employer or contractor shall ensure that only a qualified electrical worker works closer to an exposed energized electrical conductor than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22 of the Appendix.

(5) Where a qualified electrical worker works closer to an exposed energized electrical conductor than the minimum distance set out in column 2 of Table 22 of the Appendix, an employer or contractor shall ensure that:

(a) the qualified electrical worker:

(i) performs the work in accordance with written instructions for a safe work procedure that have been developed and signed by a competent person who has been appointed by the employer or contractor for that purpose;

(ii) uses equipment that is approved for the intended use of the equipment; and

(iii) uses personal protective equipment that meets the requirements of Part VII; or

(b) the conductor is operating at 25 kilovolts or less and is fitted with rubber and rubber-like insulating barriers that meet the requirements of an approved standard.

(6) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no part of a vehicle is operated on a public road, highway, street, lane or alley within the minimum distance from an exposed energized electrical conductor set out in column 3 of Table 22 of the Appendix and that no part of a vehicle's load comes within the minimum distance.

(7) An employer or contractor shall ensure that no utility tree trimmer works within the minimum distance from an exposed energized electrical conductor set out in:

(a) column 4 of Table 22 of the Appendix for utility tree trimmers using conducting objects exposed to energized parts;

(b) column 5 of Table 22 of the Appendix for utility tree trimmers using rated tools exposed to energized parts;

(c) column 6 of Table 22 of the Appendix for utility tree trimmers using rated insulating booms.

[Sask. Reg. 67/2007, s. 32]

467. (1) Where an electrical worker may come in contact with an exposed energized electrical conductor and that contact may affect the health or safety of the worker, an employer or contractor shall develop and implement an emergency program that sets out the procedures to be followed in the event of that contact.

(2) An emergency program developed pursuant to subsection (1) must include procedures:

(a) to rescue a worker who has come into contact with a live conductor;

(b) to administer first aid to a worker who has sustained an electric shock; and

(c) to obtain medical assistance.

(3) An employer or contractor shall ensure that the workers are adequately trained to implement the emergency program.

PART XXXI

Additional Protection for Health Care Workers

469.1 (1) In addition to the requirements of section 17, an employer, contractor or owner shall appoint competent persons to supervise at the place of employment.

(2) An employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that every supervisor appointed pursuant to subsection (1) is knowledgeable about, and experienced in the following matters that are within the area of the supervisor's responsibility:

(a) safe work practices and procedures, including the use of engineering controls in use at the place of employment;

(b) the safe handling, use and storage of hazardous substances;

(c) techniques for safely mobilizing, lifting, holding, turning, positioning and transferring patients, residents and clients;

(d) the handling, use, maintenance and storage of personal protective equipment;

(e) the appropriate response to any emergency situation at the place of employment.

(3) An employer, contractor or owner shall ensure that every supervisor appointed pursuant to subsection (1) is knowledgeable in the following matters that are within the area of the supervisor's responsibility:

(a) the duties and responsibilities of all workers being supervised by the supervisor;

(b) the training of workers under the supervision of the supervisor in safe work practices and procedures.

(4) An employer, contractor or owner who has appointed a supervisor pursuant to subsection (1) shall ensure that all workers and self-employed persons who work at the place of employment and who are to be supervised by that supervisor are informed of the name of the supervisor.

[Sask. Reg. 91/2007, s. 4]

470. (1) Where workers are required or permitted to mobilize, lift, hold, turn, position or transfer patients, residents or clients, an employer:

(a) in consultation with the committee, shall develop a written program specifying:

(i) the procedures to be used by a competent person to assess whether a patient, resident or client requires assistance to move; and

(ii) subject to subsection (2), the procedures and techniques that workers must use when mobilizing, lifting, holding, turning, positioning or transferring a patient, resident or client under all reasonably foreseeable circumstances;

(b) shall implement the program developed pursuant to clause (a);

(c) shall make readily available for reference by workers a copy of the program developed pursuant to clause (a);

(d) where the program developed pursuant to clause (a) and implemented pursuant to clause (b) requires the use of equipment, shall provide equipment, sufficient in quantity, capacity and quality to protect the health and safety of workers, to assist with mobilizing, lifting, holding, turning, positioning or transferring patients, residents or clients;

(e) in consultation with the committee, shall develop a written plan respecting the ongoing evaluation and selection of the equipment mentioned in clause (d);

(f) shall consult with workers who use the equipment mentioned in clause (d) on the ongoing evaluation and selection of that equipment;

(g) shall ensure that workers use, and that competent persons maintain, the equipment mentioned in clause (d) according to the manufacturer's recommendations;

(h) shall ensure that a preventative maintenance program for the equipment mentioned in clause (d) is implemented that meets the manufacturer's recommendations; and

(i) shall ensure that workers:

(i) are instructed in the causes of injuries resulting from mobilizing, lifting, holding, turning, positioning or transferring patients, residents or clients and the means to prevent those injuries;

(ii) subject to subsection (2) and in addition to the requirements of section 19, are trained in, and use, the procedures and techniques of mobilizing, lifting, holding, turning, positioning and transferring patients, residents or clients as described in subclause (a)(ii); and

(iii) are trained in the use of the equipment mentioned in clause (d) that the workers will be expected to use at the worksite.

(2) The procedures and techniques mentioned in subclauses (1)(a)(ii) and (i)(ii) must be consistent with the requirements set out in section 81.

(3) Where a patient, resident or client has been assessed as requiring assistance to move, an employer shall:

(a) ensure that the status of the patient, resident or client and the appropriate techniques to mobilize, lift, hold, turn, position or transfer the patient, resident or client are clearly identified in writing or by other visual means at or near the location of the patient, resident or client; and

(b) where the technique specified in clause (a) requires more than one worker or the use of equipment, ensure that the number of workers needed and the equipment to be used are also clearly specified in writing or by other visual means at or near the location of the patient, resident or client.

(4) An employer, in consultation with the committee, shall review all injuries resulting from mobilizing, lifting, holding, turning, positioning or transferring patients, residents or clients to determine the causes of the injuries.

(5) An employer shall take appropriate action to prevent the occurrence of injuries similar to an injury reviewed pursuant to subsection (4).

(6) Where a program developed pursuant to clause (1)(a) and implemented pursuant to clause (1)(b), or a technique identified in subsection (3), specifies the use of equipment or the assistance of another worker, no employer shall require or permit a worker to mobilize, lift, hold, turn, position or transfer a patient, resident or client without the use of the device or the assistance of the other worker.

(7) Except in a life-threatening emergency, the employer shall not require or permit a worker to mobilize, lift, hold, turn, position or transfer a patient, resident or client until the patient, resident or client has been assessed pursuant to the program developed pursuant to clause (1)(a) and implemented pursuant to clause (1)(b).

[Sask. Reg. 91/2007, s. 5]

471. (1) In this section, "cytotoxic drugs" means drugs that inhibit or prevent the functions of cells and are manufactured, sold or represented for use in treating neoplastic or other conditions.

(2) An employer shall take all practicable steps to minimize the exposure of workers to cytotoxic drugs or to materials or equipment contaminated with cytotoxic drugs.

(3) On and after July 1, 1998, where workers prepare parenteral cytotoxic drugs on a frequent and continuing basis, an employer shall provide and maintain an approved biological safety cabinet in accordance with subsection (4) and ensure that workers use the cabinet safely.

(4) A biological safety cabinet must be:

(a) inspected and certified by a competent person at least annually and when the biological safety cabinet is moved; and

(b) used and maintained according to an approved procedure or the manufacturer's recommendations.

(5) Where workers are required to prepare, administer, handle or use cytotoxic drugs or are likely to be exposed to cytotoxic drugs, an employer, in consultation with the committee, shall develop a written program to protect the health and safety of workers who may be exposed to cytotoxic drugs or to materials or equipment contaminated with cytotoxic drugs.

(6) A program developed pursuant to subsection (5) must include:

(a) the measures to be taken to identify, store, prepare, administer, handle, use, transport and dispose of cytotoxic drugs and materials contaminated with cytotoxic drugs;

(b) the emergency steps to be followed in the event of:

(i) a spill or leak of a cytotoxic drug; or

(ii) worker exposure to cytotoxic drugs by a puncture of the skin, absorption through the skin, contact with an eye, inhalation of drug dust or ingestion of a contaminated substance;

(c) the methods to be followed in maintaining and disposing of equipment contaminated with cytotoxic drugs;

(d) the use to be made of engineering controls, work practices, hygiene practices and facilities, approved respiratory protective devices, approved eye or face protectors and other personal protective equipment and decontamination materials and equipment that are appropriate in the circumstances; and

(e) the use to be made of an approved biological safety cabinet for the preparation of cytotoxic drugs and the methods to be followed in maintaining the cabinet.

(7) An employer shall:

(a) implement the program developed pursuant to subsection (5);

(b) ensure that all workers who may be exposed to cytotoxic drugs or to materials or equipment contaminated with cytotoxic drugs are trained in the program; and

(c) make a copy of the program readily available for reference by workers.

472. (1) Where exposure to waste is likely to endanger the health or safety of a worker, an employer shall develop and implement a process that ensures that the waste:

(a) is segregated at the place where the waste is located or produced;

(b) is contained in a secure, clearly labelled package or container that holds the contents safely until it is cleaned, decontaminated or disposed of; and

(c) is cleaned, decontaminated or disposed of in a manner that will not endanger the health or safety of any worker.

(2) An employer shall ensure that:

(a) a worker or self-employed person who generates, collects, transports, cleans, decontaminates or disposes of waste or launders contaminated laundry is trained in safe work practices and procedures, and is provided with personal protective equipment, that are appropriate to the risks associated with the worker's work; and

(b) a worker or self-employed person described in clause (a) uses the safe work practices and procedures and the personal protective equipment mentioned in that clause.

476. Where workers are required to handle or use anaesthetic gases and vapours or are likely to be exposed to anaesthetic gases and vapours, an employer shall:

(a) develop safe work practices and procedures to eliminate or reduce the concentration of anaesthetic gases and vapours in the air of the room during the administration of the anaesthetic gases;

(b) train workers in the safe work practices and procedures developed pursuant to clause (a) and ensure that the workers and self-employed persons use those safe work practices and procedures;

(c) ensure that all anaesthetic gas hoses, connections, tubing, bags and associated equipment are inspected for leakage before each use and at least weekly;

(d) ensure that any room where anaesthetic gases are administered is, where reasonably practicable, ventilated at a rate of 15 air changes per hour;

(e) on or before January 1, 1998, install an effective waste anaesthetic gas scavenging system to collect, remove and dispose of waste anaesthetic gases and vapours;

(f) except in birthing rooms where anaesthetic gas is self- administered, ensure that leakage from a waste anaesthetic gas scavenging system installed pursuant to clause (e) is less than 100 millilitres per minute when tested according to an approved standard; and

(g) ensure that the waste anaesthetic gas scavenging system and the equipment used to administer anaesthetic gases are maintained.

[Sask. Reg. 6/97, s. 13]

477. (1) In this section, "CSA installation standard" means the Canadian Standards Association standard CAN/CSA-Z314.9-M89 Installation and Ventilation of Ethylene Oxide Sterilizers in Health Care Facilities.

(2) An employer shall ensure, to the extent that is practicable, that all ethylene oxide sterilizers at a place of employment are operated and maintained in accordance with the CSA installation standard.

(3) An employer, in consultation with the committee, shall develop:

(a) safe work practices and policies that meet the requirements of the CSA installation standard; and

(b) an emergency response program to detect, control and respond to any leak or spill of ethylene oxide that meets the requirements of the CSA installation standard.

(4) An employer shall:

(a) implement the safe work practices and policies and the emergency response program developed pursuant to subsection (3); and

(b) ensure that workers who operate ethylene oxide sterilizers and workers who may come into contact with ethylene oxide:

(i) are trained in accordance with the CSA installation standard; and

(ii) follow the safe work practices and policies and the emergency response program developed pursuant to subsection (3).

(5) An employer shall ensure that all areas where ethylene oxide is used or stored are posted with clearly legible signs that state "Ethylene Oxide Area, Potential Cancer and Reproductive Hazard, Authorized Personnel Only".

(6) An employer shall ensure that all records of equipment maintenance and accidental ethylene oxide leakages are kept for five years in a log book located in the ethylene oxide sterilization area.

(7) An employer shall ensure that an ethylene oxide sterilizer purchased after the coming into force of these regulations:

(a) is constructed in accordance with the Canadian Standards Association standard CAN/CSA-Z314.1-M91 Ethylene Oxide Sterilizers for Hospitals;

(b) is installed in accordance with and meets the ventilation requirements of the CSA installation standard; and

(c) where reasonably practicable, is a sterilizer with in- chamber aeration that allows sterilization and aeration to take place without manually transferring the items that are being sterilized and aerated from one piece of equipment to another.

(8) An employer shall ensure that portable ethylene oxide sterilizers are operated in a fume cabinet or placed in a self- contained room that is unoccupied during the sterilization process and is ventilated clear of the place of employment at a minimum rate of 10 air changes per hour to prevent the accumulation of the gas in the room.

478. An employer, in consultation with the committee, shall ensure that all programs, training, work practices, procedures and policies developed pursuant to this Part are reviewed and, where necessary, revised at least every three years and whenever there is a change of circumstances that may affect the health or safety of workers.

PART XXXII

Additional Protection for Fire Fighters

479. In this Part:

(a) "emergency incident" means the circumstances giving rise to a specific emergency operation;

(b) "emergency medical care" means the provision of treatment to patients, including first aid, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, basic life support, advanced life support and other medical procedures that occur before arriving at a hospital or other health care facility;

(c) "emergency operation" means the activities relating to rescue, fire suppression, emergency medical care and special operations, and includes the response to the scene of an incident and all functions performed at the scene;

(d) "evolution" means a set of standard operating procedures that results in an effective response to an emergency incident;

(e) "fire fighter" means a worker whose duties include:

(i) emergency operations, fire inspection and fire investigation; and

(ii) training for the activities mentioned in subclause (i);

and includes a worker whose duties include directing any or all of the activities mentioned in subclauses (i) and (ii);

(f) "firefighting vehicle" means a specialized vehicle that carries an assortment of tools and equipment for use by fire fighters in emergency operations;

(g) "fire suppression" means the activities involved in controlling and extinguishing fires, including all activities performed at the scene of a fire incident or training exercise that expose fire fighters to the dangers of heat, flame, smoke and other products of combustion, explosion, or structural collapse;

(h) "rescue" means activities directed at locating endangered persons at an emergency incident and removing those persons from danger, and includes treating the injured;

(i) "special operations" means emergency incidents to which fire fighters respond that require specific and advanced training and specialized tools and equipment, and includes water rescue, confined space entry, high-angle rescue and incidents involving hazardous materials;

(j) "standard operating procedure" means an operational directive prepared by an employer that establishes a standard course of action for the emergency incidents to which a fire fighter is required to respond;

(k) "structural firefighting" means the activities of rescue, fire suppression and property conservation involving buildings, enclosed structures, vehicles, vessels, aircraft or other large objects that are involved in a fire or emergency incident.

481. (1) An employer, in consultation with the committee, shall develop a written plan that establishes the procedures to be followed by fire fighters in response to an emergency incident.

(2) A plan required by subsection (1) must include:

(a) identification of standard firefighting functions or evolutions, including functions or evolutions that must be performed simultaneously;

(b) the minimum number of fire fighters required to perform safely each identified firefighting function or evolution, based on written standard operating procedures;

(c) the number and types of firefighting vehicles and fire fighters required for the initial response to each type of emergency incident to which the fire fighters will be expected to respond;

(d) the total complement of firefighting vehicles and fire fighters to be dispatched for each type of emergency incident;

(e) a description of a typical emergency operation, including alarm time, response time, arrival sequence, responsibility for initiating standard operating procedures necessary to protect the health and safety of fire fighters;

(f) an incident management system; and

(g) a personnel accountability system.

(3) An employer shall:

(a) ensure that the plan developed pursuant to subsection (1) is implemented; and

(b) make a copy of the plan readily available for reference by fire fighters.

WHMIS 2015 Regulations

5. (1) An employer shall ensure that a worker who works with a hazardous product or may be exposed to a hazardous product in the course of his or her work activities is informed about:

(a) all hazard information received by the employer from a supplier concerning that hazardous product; and

(b) any further hazard information that the employer is, or ought reasonably to be, aware of concerning the use, storage, handling and disposal of that hazardous product.

(2) If a hazardous product is produced in a place of employment, an employer shall ensure that a worker who works with a hazardous product or may be exposed to a hazardous product in the course of his or her work activities is informed about all hazard information that the employer is, or ought reasonably to be, aware of concerning the use, storage, handling and disposal of that hazardous product.

(3) An employer shall ensure that a worker who works with a hazardous product or may be exposed to a hazardous product in the course of his or her work activities is educated and trained respecting:

(a) the content that is required to appear on a supplier label and workplace label for the hazardous product and the purpose and significance of the information contained on those labels;

(b) the content that is required to appear on a safety data sheet for a hazardous product and the purpose and significance of the information contained on the safety data sheet;

(c) all necessary procedures for the safe use, storage, handling and disposal of the hazardous product;

(d) all necessary procedures to be followed if fugitive emissions are present where workers may be exposed to those fugitive emissions; and

(e) all necessary procedures to be followed in case of an emergency involving a hazardous product.

(4) An employer shall ensure that the education and training required by subsection (3) is developed and implemented:

(a) for that employer’s place of employment; and

(b) in consultation with the occupational health committee, if there is an occupational health committee.

(5) An employer shall ensure that:

(a) the education and training required by subsection (3) results in a worker being able to apply the information as needed to protect the health and safety of that worker or any other worker;

(b) the necessary procedures mentioned in clauses (3)(c) to (e) are implemented; and

(c) the knowledge of the workers is periodically evaluated using written tests, practical demonstrations or other suitable means.

(6) An employer shall review at least annually, or more frequently if required by a change in work conditions or available hazard information, the education and training programs provided to workers on the safe use, storage, handling and disposal of hazardous products, in consultation with:

(a) the occupational health committee;

(b) the occupational health and safety representative; or

(c) if there is no occupational health committee or occupational health and safety representative, a worker representative.

These forms do not replace the legislation. Please carefully review the Disclaimer on each form that you choose to use, and refer to the relevant legislation to find out exactly what requirements apply to your business. WorkSafe Saskatchewan assumes no responsibility or liability for the use of these forms, nor does WorkSafe Saskatchewan offer any advice as to your obligations under any applicable legislation.

WorkSafe

Safety Associations

Forms